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What is SWOT Analysis in Business?

Does your business struggle to identify its strengths and weaknesses or understand the opportunities and threats in your market? Feel like you’re operating in the dark? Greenway Financial, a leading Dublin-based financial advisory firm, presents this comprehensive guide on SWOT analysis.

This guide offers a clear understanding of the question, “What is SWOT analysis in business?” which will empower you to gain valuable insights, identify potential growth areas, and stay ahead of the competition. You can’t afford to miss out on these vital strategic insights. Keep reading to light your path to informed business decisions and sustainable growth.

Understanding the Basics of SWOT Analysis

What is SWOT Analysis?

SWOT analysis, an acronym for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, is a strategic planning tool that helps businesses identify the internal and external factors that may impact their goals. It’s a structured approach to understanding a company’s competitive position and potential growth areas.

SWOT Meaning in Business

In business terms, SWOT analysis is used for strategic planning, competitor analysis, problem-solving, business planning, and decision-making. By categorising a company’s characteristics or factors into four quadrants, SWOT analysis provides a clear view of the business’s capabilities and areas for improvement.

Components of SWOT Analysis

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Understanding “What is SWOT analysis in business?” involves examining its four key components. These components provide a well-rounded picture of the business’s current status and potential growth areas.


Strengths are what a company excels in, setting it apart from competitors. They’re internal factors that contribute to the company’s success. This could be a strong brand, loyal customer base, strong financials, proprietary technology, or a skilled workforce.


Weaknesses are areas where the business could improve. These are also internal factors, but they hinder the business’s growth or give an edge to the competition. A lack of resources, poor reputation, or high employee turnover can be examples of weaknesses.


Opportunities refer to external factors that the company could exploit for its advantage. These could be market trends, technological changes, shifts in customer behaviour, or regulatory policies.


Threats are external factors that could harm the company. They could be emerging competitors, changes in market demand, negative press, or any other potential disruptions that could impact the business negatively.

What is SWOT Analysis Used For?

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SWOT analysis is used for various purposes in business, depending on the objective and scope of the analysis. Some common uses of SWOT analysis are:

Crafting Business Plans and Strategies

SWOT analysis lays the foundation for robust and realistic business strategies. By highlighting your strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, you can:

  • Outline attainable goals leveraging strengths and opportunities
  • Build action plans addressing weaknesses and threats
  • Establish a competitive advantage and differentiation strategy
  • Align resources and capabilities with market opportunities

Evaluating New Products or Services

Considering a new product or service launch? SWOT analysis helps in gauging the feasibility and viability of your idea by enabling you to:

  • Estimate market potential and customer demand
  • Define your unique value proposition and competitive edge
  • Calculate development and delivery costs against potential benefits
  • Test and validate product or service design based on customer feedback

Assessing Markets and Industries

Understanding the dynamics of your market or industry is crucial, and SWOT analysis assists you by helping you:

  • Grasp market size, growth, structure, and segmentation
  • Identify key drivers, trends, challenges, and opportunities
  • Evaluate the competitive landscape
  • Determine market entry and exit barriers

Analysing Competitors or Partners

Whether it’s understanding a competitor’s moves or a potential partner’s intentions, SWOT analysis brings clarity, aiding you to:

  • Anticipate competitor or partner strategies
  • Identify product or service overlaps and gaps
  • Assess potential responses to market changes
  • Explore collaboration or competition possibilities

Problem-Solving and Decision Making

In the face of a complex problem or decision, SWOT analysis serves as a guide, empowering businesses to:

  • Define problems or decisions objectively
  • Generate and evaluate solution alternatives
  • Determine the pros and cons of each choice
  • Opt for the best solution, keeping the business context in view

Improving Processes and Operations

SWOT analysis can also fuel operational enhancements by helping businesses:

  • Identify current and desired states of processes
  • Determine the root causes of operational issues
  • Implement improvement measures using strengths and opportunities
  • Monitor the results of improvement actions

What are the Benefits of SWOT Analysis?

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SWOT analysis is a powerful tool with many advantages. Its benefits are often seen when a business successfully identifies its opportunities and threats, strengths and weaknesses, and uses that information to inform its strategic decisions. Here are some key benefits:

Easy to Understand and Implement

SWOT analysis uses straightforward language and concepts, which makes it easy for any business professional to understand and use.

Flexible and Adaptable

The versatility of SWOT analysis is another significant benefit. It can be adapted to suit various scopes and contexts, whether you’re analysing a multinational corporation, a small business, or even a single product.

Comprehensive and Holistic

SWOT analysis covers a broad spectrum of internal and external factors. It provides a holistic overview of the business environment, ensuring no critical aspect is overlooked.

Promotes Collaboration

Conducting a SWOT analysis encourages involvement from various departments or stakeholders, ensuring diverse perspectives are considered, which can lead to more robust strategies.

Fosters Creative Thinking

When correctly executed, SWOT analysis can stimulate innovative thinking, enabling businesses to identify unique opportunities or threats that may have been previously overlooked.

Strategic and Action-Oriented

The primary purpose of a SWOT analysis is to inform strategy. Businesses can develop specific, action-oriented plans to achieve their objectives by identifying and analysing the four SWOT elements.

What are the Limitations of SWOT Analysis?

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While the SWOT analysis is a versatile and widely-used tool, it does have its limitations:


The results of a SWOT analysis can be subjective. They often rely on individuals’ perspectives, which can lead to bias and vary based on who is involved in the analysis.

Vague and Ambiguous

Without clear guidance, the terms used in a SWOT analysis can become vague or ambiguous. This can lead to misunderstandings among different stakeholders.

Temporal Limitations

SWOT analysis provides a snapshot at a specific point in time. Given the rapidly changing business environment, the results can quickly become outdated.

Prioritisation Challenges

SWOT analysis can sometimes lead to an overwhelming list of factors. Prioritising these can be challenging and can dilute the focus.

Lacks Specific Recommendations

SWOT analysis is excellent for identifying issues and opportunities but doesn’t provide concrete solutions or recommendations. It’s up to the business to decide how to act on the insights.

How to Conduct a SWOT Analysis?

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Conducting a SWOT analysis involves a systematic process of exploring each component. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide.

Set Clear Objectives

Before embarking on a SWOT analysis, it’s crucial to establish clear objectives. What do you hope to achieve with this analysis? This could range from exploring new business opportunities, addressing problems, or improving business processes. A clear objective provides a useful direction for your SWOT analysis.

Assemble a Diverse Team

The SWOT analysis should not be a solitary endeavour. Gather a diverse team from different departments of your business. Each person will bring a unique perspective, providing a more comprehensive and balanced overview of your business.

Brainstorm Strengths

Begin the process by identifying your company’s strengths. Ask your team to consider what your company does well, its resources (think about personnel, capital, proprietary technology), and what it does better than the competition. Consider internal factors such as positive attributes of people, tangible assets of the company, and aspects of the business that add value to your products or services.

Identify Weaknesses

Next, pinpoint areas where your business could improve. What processes are inefficient? What resources are you lacking? What does the competition do better? Identifying weaknesses doesn’t mean dwelling on the negative aspects of your business. Instead, it provides opportunities for improvement. Be honest and realistic—it’s only by acknowledging weaknesses that you can begin to overcome them.

Uncover Opportunities


After examining internal factors, shift your focus externally. Identify opportunities that your business could capitalise on. This could include market trends, changes in consumer behaviour, technological advancements, or potential partnerships. It might also involve overcoming a problem or issue troubling the company or tapping into a new market segment.

Recognise Threats

The last part of the SWOT matrix is threats. What external factors could harm your business? This could include changes in the market, new competition, regulatory changes, shifts in consumer behaviour, or supply chain disruptions. Identifying potential threats allows your business to develop strategies to mitigate them.

Analyse and Prioritise

After populating each quadrant of the SWOT matrix, it’s time to analyse the results. Identify the most critical factors in each category. Which strengths can you leverage most effectively? What weaknesses need immediate attention? Which opportunities are most aligned with your business strategy? What threats pose the greatest risk? Prioritise the factors and focus your resources where they’ll make the most significant impact.

Develop a Strategy

The ultimate purpose of a SWOT analysis is to inform strategic planning. Based on your prioritised list, develop a plan of action. For example, you could use your strengths to capitalise on opportunities and neutralise threats. Alternatively, you could focus on overcoming weaknesses to exploit opportunities or mitigate threats.

Review and Update

The business environment continually changes, and a SWOT analysis is a snapshot in time. As such, reviewing and updating your SWOT analysis regularly is important. This will keep your strategies relevant and ensure your business can adapt to changes in its internal and external environments.

How to Use SWOT Analysis Effectively?

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SWOT analysis is a powerful tool, but its effectiveness depends on how well it’s used. Here are some crucial tips to make the most out of your SWOT analysis.

Be Specific

SWOT analysis should be focused and specific, targeting individual objectives, scopes, levels, and contexts. It can be easy to generalise, but it is more valuable when performed for a particular product, service, market, competitor, or problem. Specificity helps to avoid confusion and ambiguity, enabling the creation of focused strategies.

Be Realistic

For SWOT analysis to be truly beneficial, it needs to be realistic. Base your findings on factual data rather than assumptions or opinions. Recognise your strengths and weaknesses, and identify opportunities and threats based on real market conditions. Furthermore, always verify and validate the sources and methods of collecting information. Realistic analysis enhances the credibility and reliability of the SWOT.

Be Balanced

A well-rounded SWOT analysis should balance internal and external factors affecting your business. It’s crucial not to overemphasise strengths or opportunities at the expense of identifying weaknesses and threats. Be thorough in considering all four dimensions of the SWOT analysis and understanding their interrelationships.

Be Actionable

Lastly, your SWOT analysis should lead to concrete and measurable actions. Don’t just list factors that affect your business. Prioritise them based on their importance, explain how and why they impact your business, and recommend specific strategies based on the analysis. Regularly monitor and review your SWOT analysis, and update it as needed to keep it relevant and actionable.

What are Some Examples of SWOT Analysis?

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Let’s take a look at how SWOT analysis can be practically applied in different business contexts.

SWOT Analysis for Greenway Financial

As a financial advisory firm in Dublin, Greenway Financial may benefit from a SWOT analysis as follows:


  • A strong reputation in the local market
  • A diverse customer base with high retention and referral rates
  • A team of experienced financial advisors
  • A comprehensive range of services that meet various customer needs
  • Efficient operations resulting in high-profit margins


  • Limited market presence outside Dublin
  • Limited online presence and digital marketing capabilities
  • Dependence on a few key partners for some services
  • Vulnerability to regulatory changes
  • Difficulty attracting and retaining new talent


  • Growing demand for financial advice due to economic uncertainty
  • Shift towards online and mobile platforms for accessing financial services
  • Advancements in fintech that could improve transaction processing
  • Potential partnerships that could expand market reach or service portfolio


  • Shrinking market demand due to economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Shift towards DIY or robo-advisors
  • Disruptive technology threatening the need for human advisors
  • Adverse regulatory changes

SWOT Analysis for a New Product Launch

Suppose Greenway Financial plans to launch “Greenway Wealth Builder,” an online platform for personalised investment portfolios. A SWOT analysis might look like this:

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  • Unique value proposition combining human expertise with AI
  • Strong alignment with Greenway Financial’s brand and customer base
  • Lower costs and higher profit margins due to scalability


  • Potential lack of trust among customers unfamiliar with online platforms
  • Lack of training among employees to handle online platforms
  • Potential lack of features demanded by sophisticated customers
  • Integration issues with existing systems


  • Growing demand for convenient, flexible, and affordable online platforms
  • Shifting customer preferences towards more personalised online platforms
  • Advancements in technology enhancing the usability of online platforms


  • Economic fluctuations impacting market demand
  • Shifting customer preferences towards other platforms
  • Disruptive technologies that could outpace the new product
  • Adverse regulations restricting the use of online platforms

These examples illustrate the power of SWOT analysis in strategic planning. Greenway Financial can help businesses in Dublin and beyond navigate this process to capitalise on opportunities and mitigate threats.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is SWOT analysis in business analysis?

SWOT analysis is a strategic planning tool used in business analysis to identify a company’s Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. This process provides critical insights that help a business understand its internal capabilities and external market conditions, forming the basis for effective decision-making and strategy development.

What makes a good SWOT analysis?

A good SWOT analysis is specific, realistic, balanced, and actionable. It should focus on specific objectives and be grounded in factual data. It should consider internal and external factors equally and lead to concrete actions that address the identified issues. A good SWOT analysis should be periodically reviewed and updated as conditions change.

When should you do a SWOT analysis?

SWOT analysis can be done anytime, but it is particularly valuable when starting a new venture, launching a new product, exploring new markets, making strategic decisions, or addressing a business problem. Regularly updating a SWOT analysis ensures that your strategies align with your business environment and capabilities.

Is SWOT analysis really important?

Yes, SWOT analysis is very important. It offers a comprehensive view of your business’s internal strengths and weaknesses, as well as external opportunities and threats. This helps you capitalise on your strengths, improve weaknesses, exploit opportunities, and mitigate threats, forming a sound basis for strategic planning and decision-making. Without SWOT analysis, a business may miss valuable insights and potential strategic directions.

Ready to Capitalise on Your Business Potential?

Understanding your financial status is crucial whether you’re seeking financial advice or a small business needing strategic direction. That’s where a SWOT analysis comes in handy. 

At Greenway Financial, we are here to guide you through the process, ensuring you comprehend what is SWOT analysis and how it can help shape your financial future. Don’t leave your success to chance. Harness the power of SWOT analysis and make informed decisions today. Contact us and let our team of experts at Greenway Financial guide you towards achieving your financial goals.

Adrian Gallagher

Adrian Gallagher

Qualified Financial Advisor

Adrian Gallagher has over 40 years of experience across a range of businesses. He began his career in the oil recycling & distribution business.

He and his fellow shareholders gradually built that business until it had over 500 people employed across Ireland, England and Scotland.

Adrian has also held high-level operations roles in the publishing, events and media industry. Software companies, multiple oil distribution companies, financial services and the construction industry.

Whatever the size of the business, from 3 employees to 300, Adrian has experience in delivering results and can help you do the same with your own business.